What is the indirect method and how is it calculated?
The indirect method is when cash flow is calculated by taking the value of net income at the end of the reporting period and adjusting this based on the figures within the balance sheet, removing the effect of non-cash movements shown on the profit and loss statement.
A Cash flow statement comprises cash flow from 3 different areas, Operating, Investing and Financing cash flow.
The cash flow from the 3 sections are added together and become the opening cash balance of a reporting period.
The indirect method applies to the way the operating cash flow section of the cash balance is calculated. It takes net income and adds back the value of the non-cash transactions. For example depreciation or amortisation, increase or decrease in current assets, trade receivables (sales on credit) and trade payables (monies owed) as none of these represent actual cash in hand for the business.