Cash flow from financing

Understanding cash flow from financing activities.

Cash flow from financing activities, as reflected in the cash flow statement, shows the net amount of funding a company generates in a given time period. It is essential for accountants, financial analysts, and investors to understand what makes up this section of the statement of cash flows as it indicates how a company funds its operations.

Key takeaways

  • Changes in all accounts related to debt and equity are generally included in the cash flow from financing activities
  • The formula for calculating CFF is: CFF = CED - (CD + RP)
  • The cash flow statement has three sections: operating, investing and financing

Financing activities include:

  • Issuance of equity
  • Repayment of equity
  • Payment of dividends
  • Issuance of debt
  • Repayment of debt
  • Capital/finance lease payments

Changes in all accounts related to debt and equity are generally included in the cash flow from financing activities. This section of the statement is critical as it shows the movement of cash between a firm and its owners, investors, and creditors.

How do you calculate cash flow from financing?

The formula for calculating CFF is:

CFF = CED - (CD + RP)


CED = Cash inflows from issuing equity or debt

CD = Cash paid as dividends

RP = Repurchase of debt and equity

Positive cash flow from financing activities can mean more money flowing into the company than flowing out, increasing the company's assets. In contrast, negative CFF numbers may mean the company is servicing debt or making dividend payments and stock repurchases.

A company's source of capital can be from either debt or equity.

When a company takes on debt, it typically does so by issuing bonds or taking a loan from the bank. On the other hand, issuing stock to investors who purchase the stock for a share in the company is equity financing.

Investors should be cautious when a company frequently turns to new debt or equity for cash, as it may indicate that the company is not generating enough earnings. Also, a positive cash flow might not be a good thing for a company already saddled with a large amount of debt.

What is the difference between cash flow from operating, investing and financing activities?

The cash flow statement has three sections:

  • Cash flow from operating (CFO)
  • Cash flow from investing (CFI)
  • Cash flow from financing activities (CFF)

Cash flow from operating activities

This shows the amount of cash generated or used by a company in its day-to-day operations, including revenue and expenses such as salaries, taxes, and inventory. This section is essential because it indicates the company's ability to generate cash from its core business activities. A positive cash flow from operating activities indicates that the company is generating enough cash to fund its operations.

Cash flow from investing activities

This reflects a company's purchases and sales of capital assets. This section shows the amount of cash used to acquire or dispose of long-term assets such as property, equipment, and investments. If the company is investing more cash in capital assets than it is generating, it may be a sign that the company is expanding and investing in growth opportunities. However, if the company is selling off assets to generate cash, it may indicate that the company is facing financial difficulties.

Cash flow from financing activities

This shows the movement of cash between a firm and its owners, investors, and creditors. This section reports the cash inflows and outflows resulting from changes in the company's capital structure, such as issuing or repurchasing equity, issuing or repaying debt, and paying dividends. This section is critical because it shows how the company is financing its operations and any changes to its capital structure.

When analysing a company's cash flow statement, it is important to consider each of these sections that contribute to the overall change in its cash position. Understanding each section's contribution to the company's overall cash flow can help investors and analysts assess the company's financial health, profitability, and ability to generate cash. By analyzing each section, investors and analysts can gain a more complete picture of a company's cash position and make informed investment decisions.

Have you ever thought about invoice finance to help improve your cash flow?

Invoice finance allows you to release cash quickly from your unpaid invoices.

As your lender, we can release up to 90% of your invoices within 24 hours. On payment of the invoice from your customers, we will then release the final amount minus any fees and charges. There are different types of invoice financing options available to businesses depending on the situation and the level of control they require in collecting unpaid invoices.

We are an invoice financing company who offer a solution whereby payments are collected on your behalf managed by our team of expert credit controllers so you can focus on running your business. Our Confidential Invoice Discounting solution is offered to businesses who want to maintain their own credit control processes, therefore this remains strictly confidential so your customers are unaware of our involvement.

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The benefits of invoice finance companies such as Novuna Business cash flow

  • Boost your cash flow without having to wait up to 120 days for your customers to pay you

  • Release up to 90% of the invoice straight away, and the final 10% when the invoice is settled

  • Access funds within 24 hours from initial appointment with our revolutionary digital onboarding process

  • Benefit from our in-house credit control processes, allowing you to focus on running your business, instead of chasing clients for payment

  • Six month trial period followed by a rolling contract

Want to understand more Cash Flow Finance terms?

Our Cash Flow Resource Hub has been set up to help SME's with cash flow finance advice, tips and resources to help with their cash flow position.

We explore ways you can begin improving your cash flow situation and start getting your business on track to positive cash flow.

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